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Wudang Master - Xu Benshan (, 1860-1932) Xu Benshan (, 1860-1932)Xu Benshan was born in Ba County, Henan Province. 15th generation of Quanzhen Longmen Pai () , Complete Perfection Dragon Gate Lineage/School). Since young he was educated in the confucian classics and also studied chinese medicine and the rudiments of chinese martial arts. His father had taken to visit Wudang when he was a boy and many years later when he was 20 years old he entered Wudang and became a disciple under Daoist Masters Wang Fumiao and Liu Fubao. For many years he studied the classics of Daoism, medicine and Wudang martial arts. There are many stories about Xu Benshan. In 1929, Fu Jianqiu (a well known Xing Yi and Bagua Master) along with his disciple, Pei Xirong travelled on the advise of Wudang sword Master Li Jinglin to Wudang. There they met Daoist Abbot Xu Benshan and studied Wudang martial arts under Master Xu. Another well known story happened in 1931. When General He Long led the Third Red Army to withdraw from the Honghu Lake area and strategically re-positioned the soldiers towards the northwestern area of Hubei Province. He entered Wudang Shan through Yunyang. Xu Benshan who was in charge of Daoism in Wudang at the time, received the Red Army who stayed in one of the halls of Zixiao Gong. Xu Benshan also organised for treatment of injured soldiers which gave the general a lasting impression. As a result General He became a student under Master Xu and for several months practiced martial arts afterwhich he successfully defeated the 51st army of the Guomingtang. After the establishment of the People's republic, General He sent officials to ensure the conditions and safety of the Daoist priests at Wudang. Master Xu Benshan was known as the most important figure in Wudang boxing in the early 20th century and contributed greatly to the traditiona martial arts of Wudang. Although he taught many visitors aspects of his martial arts, some of his students included Hu Hezhen (), Liu Lishan (), Wang Lixue (), Liang Heqi (), Leng Hebin (), Shui Heyi (), Duan Heyan (), Xu Kaixian (), Li Helin (), Li Heqi (). Since in most cases Master Xu only taught aspects of his knowledge, there are limited inheritors of his comperehensive Wudang martial arts.Northern Wudang Master - Kuang Changxiu (,1905-1993 ) Kuang Changxiu(, 1905-1993)Kuang Changxiu was born in Jiao County, Shandong Province. Since he was eight years he commenced the study of traditional chinese martial arts (Bafan Quan/Erlangquan and Ditang Quan) and medicine. In his younger years he married and practiced both as a doctor, small business as well as teaching martial arts. In 1930. his wife died and combined with the political and social situation at the time was difficult he left when he was 29 years of age to Laoshan's White cloud cave () which was a part of the Daoist Quanzhen Jinshan Pai (, Complete Truth - Golden Mountain Lineage/School), that was started by Sun Xuanqing in the Ming Dynasty. Sun Xuanqing was originally a Daoist priest from the Quanzhen Longmen (Complete Truth Dragon Gate) school. Kuang Changxiu became a disciple under Daoist Master Kuang Zhenjue (), who had studied with Wudang Pai Daoist Li Shina (). He studied the Wudang internal arts which focused on key three stages - Xuan Gong, Xuan Zhen and Xuan Hua which progressed from more external harder methods, to gentler softer methods. There were also many combat development methods like Dui Da (Combined Strikes), Jie Da (Intercepting Strikes), Zhuan Da (Turning Strikes) and Lian Da (Linked Strikes) as examples. Famous for his Leg work (kicking methods) and often nicknamed "Kuang Fei Tui" (Flying Kicks Kuang).For over 30 years thereafter he studied and travelled to various Daoist centres as a Daoist and enhanced his knowledge of both Daoism, Qigong, Martial arts and medicine. In 1980 he returned to Taiqing Palace on Laoshan where he actively taught many students. Northern Wudang Master - Liu Chengxi (, 1910 - 2008) Liu Chengxi was born in Fengran district of Tangshan County, Hebei Province. He became ordained at 20 years of age at the Jiulong Guan (Nine Dragon Temple) as 24th Generation of Quanzhen Longmen Pai under the tutelage of Zhang Zongcheng who was renowned for his martial skills and health cultivation methods. M. Liu later travelled around the country. He held various posts such as managing the Laojun Hall on Qingliangshan in Hu County, Shanxi and also as the representative of the (Wang) Chongyang Palace in Shanxi.During the cultural revolution he became a recluse for many years in the caves of the Tongbai Mountains. He had a number of talents including martial arts, Internal Alchemy, Chinese Herbal Medicine and so forth. In terms of martial arts, the skills passed on by Liu Chengxi include Xuanwu Quan, Longmen Baguazhang, San Yuan Zhang and Taijiquan. M. Liu had many students including Zhao Xinhui Zhao Xindao Yang Xincai Zheng Xinlian Jiao Xinzhen Duan Xinyuan Ye Xingqing Zheng Xinyi Sun Xinxuan Wu Xinming Wang Xinrong He Xingui Qiu Xinde Li Xinzhong and many others. One of his students Zhao Xindao , was invited to Wudang to return some boxing methods to the local trainees. Zhao taught the Xuanwu Quan practice which is now carried on by the various local trainees and their new schools (such as Sanfeng Pai or Xuanwu Pai). Southern Wudang Master - Guo Gaoyi (, 1921 - 1996) Guo Gaoyi (, 1921-1996) Guo Gaoyi was born in Shangqiu, Henan Province. As a child he practiced the rudiments of Erlang Quan and Shaolin Quan. He later participated in the War of Resistance Against Japan (, 1937-1945) and was fortunate to get to know Taijquan experts at the time, Yang Kuishan and Guo Yingshan. After the failure of the resistance, Guo stayed at the Lu Mt Daoist Sanctuary, where Yang Mingzhen, an inheritor of the Wudang Sanfeng Ziran Pai school taught Wudang Sanfeng Taijiquan and other Internal boxing methods. He returned to his hometown in Shangqiu afterwards. In 1981 at the Tongbai Mt in Henan Province he was further ordained as a Daoist under Priest Tang Zhongliang. Master Tang Zhongliang was 26th Generation of the Wudang Long Men (Dragon Gate division), who originally was from Ying Shang County in An Hui Province and at the age of 29, he travelled to Wudang Mountain where at the Golden Peak became a disciple of Wang Xintang (, 25th Generation of the Long Men Division), studying Taijiquan.Whilst in Wudang, Master Tang also recieved instructions from Venerable Wudang Priest Xu Benshan.In his latter years Master Tang went into retreat at Tongbai Mt. in Henan Province.In 1984, Master Guo Gaoyi was assigned by the Wudang Mountain Daoist Association to become a Martial Arts Coach at Wudang Mountain. Together with Daoist Master Zhu Chengde (1898-1990) they imparted the skills of Wudang Traditional Martial arts during the time on Wudang. Taiping Wudang Boxing CurriculumThe methods of Wudang Boxing are many and varied, each with their own basic practices, internal development (Neigong) and respective boxing/weapons techniques. After many years of continually seeking out teachers of these rare arts in China, below are the methods that we have inherited as Traditional Wudang Boxing. Although all from different times, sources and generations, they all are representative and symbolic of Wudang's martial arts legacy. Wudang Laoshan Boxing () Xuan Gong Quan ( Mystical Skills Boxing)These methods are descended from the teachings of Daoist Priest - Master Kuang Changxiu, also known as Flying Kicks Kuang, he was a renowned practitioner of the Northern Wudang Boxing School, which was propagated on Lao Shan (Lao Mountain) in Shandong Province. Xuan Gong Quan ( Mystical Skill Boxing) Xuan Zhen Quan ( Mystical Truth Boxing) Xuan Hua Quan ( Mystical Transformational Boxing) Long Hua Quan ( Dragon Transforming Boxing) Long Hua Jian ( Dragon Transforming Sword)Wudang Taiyi Jiu Gong Quan ()Wudang Jiugong Quan () descends from a Daoist named Zhang Shouxing () who lived in the Hongzhi period of the Ming Dynasty (1488-1505 CE). Zhang is a prominent figure in Wudang martial arts, he was the 8th generation lineage holder of the Longmen Pai (Dragon Gate Sect ) and resided in the venerated Purple Cloud Temple on Wudang Mountain (Wudangshan Zixiao Gong ). Zhang Shouxing practiced Xuanmen Zhang () was allegedly based on a combination of the essence of "Old 13 Postures Taiji", "Hua Tuo's 5 Animal Play Qigong", some Daoist Daoyin (a Daoist system of exercises) practices and fighting techniques. In the Qing Dynasty around 1848, a man from Xiangxiang, Hunan (), Xie Jingwu (), was living as a hermit on Bai Shifeng ( - this is a southern peak of Heng Mountain ). During his seclusion, Xie learned Jiugong Quan in a Daoist temple. When he returned to Xiangxiang, he passed it to his son, Xie Weida () who had a number of students including his son,Xie Defan () and He Chunsheng (). Wang Bingsheng (, 1934-) is the grandson (materinal) of M. He and taught in Wuhan. Taiyyi Wuxing Quan () "Wudang Taiyi Qin Pu 23 Shi" (), this set of Wudang Practice was practiced and popularized by Aisin Gioro Pu Xuan, who studied at Zi Xiao Gong (Purple Palace) and was taught by Daoist Priest Li Helin (, 16th Generation of Wudang Long Men Division, disciple of Xu Benshan). It is also said that the set was created by 8th Generation Wudang Long Men Master Zhang Shouxing ().These were passed on by Master Zhao Jianying (Disciple of Jin Zitao (Aisin Gioro Pu Xuan). Jiugong Xuanzhuan Shier Zhuang Fa ( 9 Palaces Turning 12 post methods) Taiyi Wuxing Quan ( Supreme Divinity 5 Phases Boxing) Jiugong Zhang ( 9 Palaces Palms) Jiugong Tui ( Nine Palaces Kicks) Guaizhang Jian ( Cane Sword) Zi Dian Jian ( Purple Palace Sword) Jiugong Jian ( 9 Palaces Sword) Bagua Qiang ( 8 Trigrams Spear) Wudang Sword (, Dan Pai Jian Fa) In addition to its Daoist principles in boxing, Wudang is most renowned for its marvellous sword skills and the most representative is the Wudang Sword. Song Weiyi had taught seven disciples, of which Li Jinglin and Guo Qifeng were most known (7 Disciples were - Li Jing Lin , Guo Qi Feng , Chen Yu Kuan , Liu Zhan Kui , Xiao Fengxiang , Zhang De Zhun and Liu Hai Yan ). Taiping Wudang Sword is descendant from the teachings of Master Li Jinglin (, 1885-1931) nicknamed "China's First Sword" and "God of the Sword.") through his disciples Chu Guiting, Yang Kuishan and Meng Xiaofeng. The Xuanmen sword is a recent addition to the curriculum from the Zhong Yunlong Sanfeng Pai group. Wudang Dan Jian (, Wudang Single Sword)Wudang Xing Jian ( Wudang Continuous Stepping Sword)Wudang Xuan Jian ( Wudang Mysterious Sword)Wudang Dui Jian ( Wudang 2 Man Dual Sword)Wudang Longmen Pai Quan Fa () Master Xu Benshan was one of the most representative masters of Wudang Boxing in the 21st cenutry. His disciples had all studied many different aspects of his skills. Master Xu Benshan was also responsible for introducing the Xing Yi Quan and Ba Gua Zhang into the Wudang Curriculum after exchanging with well known exponent Fu Jianqiu (originally a student of Li Cunyi, later became Fu Taishan of the 'He' generation, as a disciple of Xu Benshan). M. Liu was also of the Longmen style and contributed a number of boxing methods as well. These practices are predominantly from students/descendants of Xu Benshan and Liu Chengxi. Tai He Quan ( Tai He Boxing) San Hui Zhuan ( 3 Returning Turns) San Yuan Zhang ( 3 Primary Palms) 108 Wudang Taijiquan () Xuanwu Quan () 33 Longmen Taijiquan (33) Longmen Dragon Shape Baguazhang () Long Men Qiang ( Dragon Gate Spear) Zhen Wu Gun ( Zhen Wu Staff) Tai He Jian ( Tai He Sword Wudang Sanfeng Taijiquan ()





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